There are many ways that deafblind people communicate and access information, but some of the key ones are listed below.
Braille is used by those that are blind or partially sighted. Braille is constructed by a series of raised dots that are essentially ‘code’ for different letters or even whole words.
Braille is generally either Grade 1 or 2, with Grade 2 being more complex and difficult to read. Grade 1 Braille is uncontracted (unshortened) and therefore easier to learn.
Some people with a sight loss have some residual sight which enables them to read large print, as long as the font and type size is clear enough. In these instances it is often best to use paper that minimises glare (such as coloured or off-white paper), while magnifiers can further enhance the text for better readability.
Audio books have been around for a while, and this also extends to magazines and other text-based media. Deafblind UK supplies its members magazine Open Hand on Audio CD to members that are unable to read large print.
Digital inclusion and email
Modern technology has come a long way, especially in recent years. Accessibility on computers and tablet PCs (iPads for example) have made it far easier for someone with a sensory loss to access information via the internet.
Find out more about Deafblind UK’s Digital Inclusion Project.
Like Braille, Moon is a tactile form of reading. It uses letter outlines to form words and phrases, and is generally easier to learn than Braille. Resources for learning and using Moon aren’t widely available, so it is not commonly taught or used.